Iran will push the button
The Shia (advocates) formed after a dispute over succession. They believe that the three Caliphs after Mohammed are illegitimate. As far as they are concerned the true succession passed from Mohammed to his cousin and son-in-law, Ali. Authority in Shia Islam resides in the Imam, originally the direct hereditary descendent of the Prophet. There are two major Shia sects, the Ismaili (or Seveners) and Ithna Asharia (or Twelvers). The Twelvers are the dominant sect but there are also important divisions within these two sects (Yemen has a small group of Fivers – Zaidis). These groups get their name from a dispute over the succession of the eighth Imam – the Seveners recognize Ismail as the true Imam whereas the Twelvers recognize Ali ibn Musa, who eventually became the eighth Imam.
The Twelvers also believe that the 13th Imam is hidden and he will return as the Mahdi to restore Islam as the dominant faith. This doctrine believes in an Islamic final days scenario. The President of Iran is a follower of this belief and he seems bent on hastening the Islamic 'end days', much like his fundamentalist Christian counterparts.
Shia believe that the Imam is divinely guided and many believe in the 'infallibility' of the Imam. But again, given that there are many different sects there are also many different divinely guided Imams. Anyone following Iraqi politics will know there are differences between al-Sistani and al-Sadr, and differences again with the Shia in Iran and Iraq. Final judgment in interpretation of sharia rests with the representative of the Imam, the Grand Ayatollah.
Things are complicated further by the fact that numerous small sects developed around charismatic leaders. This is an essential key to understanding the current crisis in Islam. The lack of any central authority has meant that hundreds of sects have developed around charismatic leaders, usually given the honorific of sheikh (teacher). Many of these sects are Sufi – meaning they practice a form of Islamic mysticism, but as I said above there is enormous variation in the Sufi sects with many being quite orthodox. Sufism is not always the benign mysticism portrayed in the West.
Other sects are groups within the general category of Sunni or Shia. The Wahhabi, the dominant sect in Saudi Arabia, follows the teachings of the Hanbali scholar Sheikh Mohammed Abd al-Wahhab (1703-92). The Deobandi sect, prominent in Pakistan, was formed by the Hanafi scholar Maulana Mohamed Qasim Nanotyi in the Indian city of Deoband in 1866. These two sects are ultra-orthodox and form the back bone of the Islamist ideology. The Taliban are Deobandis who formed an alliance with Sheikh bin Laden's Wahhabi 'al-Qaeda' sect.
In Islamic eschatology the Mahdi (مهدي transliteration: Mahdī, also Mehdi; "Guided One") is the prophesied redeemer of Islam who will stay on earth seven, nine, or nineteen years (depending on the interpretation) before the coming of the day, Yaum al-Qiyamah (literally "Day of the Resurrection" or "Day of the Standing"). Muslims believe the Mahdi will restore righteousness and change the world into a perfect and just Islamic society alongside Jesus. The concept of Mahdi is not explicitly mentioned in the Qu'ran, but there are many hadith (traditional sayings of Muhammad) on the Mahdi.
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXThey the Twelvers have bought into this end time Paradigm.
Pushing the BUTTON, IS AN ACT OF FAITH FOR Ithna Asharia,
Watch video, see why they will activate a nuke if they get their hands on one. 24 min.
The President of Iran is an "Ithna Asharia", A "TWELVER" and if one of 'them' has A finger on the button IT WILL GET PRESSED.
They are inclined to believe pushing the button will bring the 13th Imam who is hidden and he will return as the Mahdi to restore Islam as the dominant faith, a new golden era for Islam.
Think suicide bomber, bigger scale.
ANTHROPOLOGIST ad Magnum