Internet Anthropologist Think Tank: Fatwa against funding Terrorism:

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    Monday, May 10, 2010

    Fatwa against funding Terrorism:

    Minarets at Dawn - Medina, Saudi ArabiaImage by Shabbir Siraj via Flickr
    "From [Mufti] 'Abd Al-'Aziz bin 'Abdallah bin Muhammad Aal Al-Sheikh to Your Highness the Servant of the Two Holy Places, the Honorable King 'Abdallah bin 'Abd Al-'Aziz Aal Sa'ud, the Prime Minister, may Allah grant him success. Peace be upon you, and Allah's mercy and blessings. I hereby inform Your Highness that the Senior Clerics Council, in an extraordinary meeting... examined the issue of the funding of terror in accordance with the instructions in your decree (No. 3027B) of March 23, 2010, and issued Ruling No. 239, of April 12, 2010, which addresses these same instructions. I hereby submit [the ruling] for your information and perusal, and beseech Allah to guide your steps and lead you to all that is favorable and desirable in His eyes, and assist you in doing what is good, for He is the best of supervisors. Following is the text of the ruling:"

    The Fatwa
    "'...The Senior Clerics Council refers [the reader] to its previous rulings and announcements in regard to the deeds of the corrupt of this world, who undermine security and desecrate the sanctities [of Islam] in Muslim and other lands...
    "'The council examined the [religious] law on [the issue of] funding terror, taking into consideration that [terrorism] is a crime aimed at bringing destruction by undermining security and harming lives, money, and property, both private and public. [This is achieved by means] such as blowing up homes, schools, hospitals, factories, and bridges; blowing up or hijacking airplanes; [sabotaging] the state's infrastructure, such as oil and gas pipelines; and other acts of destruction and sabotage which are forbidden by [our] religion. [The council also] took into consideration that the funding of terror facilitates [this crime], perpetuates it and [allows it to] spread.
    "'The council likewise examined proofs for the ban on funding terror in the Koran, the Sunna, and in the precepts of the shari'a. As it says in the Koran, 'Help not one another unto sin and transgression [Koran 5:2].' And as it says, 'And among men is he whose speech about the life of this world causes you to wonder, and he calls on Allah to witness as to what is in his heart, yet he is the most violent of adversaries. And when he turns back, he runs along in the land that he may cause mischief in it and destroy the crops and the cattle, and Allah does not love mischief-making [2:204-205].' And as it says, 'And do no mischief in the earth after its reformation, and call on Him fearing and hoping; surely the mercy of Allah is near to those who do good [to others] [7:56].' And in [the compilation of hadiths called] the Sahih Muslim, it is related that the Prophet said, 'Allah's curse is upon he who harbors one who introduces [a forbidden innovation].' As Al-Hafez bin Hajar explains in [his book] Al-Fath [Al-Bari fi Sahih Al-Boukhari], this means that both the innovator and he who gives him shelter are sinners in equal measure. One of the enduring principles of Islamic shari'a is that means are judged according to their ends, and according to what the shari'a decrees regarding the protection of rights and contracts in Muslim and [other] lands.
    "In light of the above, the council determines that the funding and planning of terror are forbidden, and are punishable according to religious law – whether [the act in question is] providing funds, collecting funds, or taking part in these activities, in any way. [This applies] to both capital and non-capital assets, whether legitimately or illegitimately gained. One who carries out these acts knowingly is committing an offense that merits a religious punishment, to be determined by court proceedings. The council emphasizes that the prohibition on funding terror does not apply to support for charity programs providing livelihood, care or education for the poor – for Allah has commanded to use the wealth of the rich to aid the poor.
    "With this fatwa, the Senior Clerics Council guides all Muslims to adhere to their religion and to the way of our honorable Prophet, and to avoid any act that harms others or [involves] hostility towards them. We beseech Allah to [bless] this good country of Saudi Arabia, and all the Muslim lands, with righteousness, justice, providence and unity, and to improve the state of mankind as a whole, so as to carry out justice and spread righteousness. It is Allah who brings success and guides [one] to the right path.
    "Allah's blessing be upon His Prophet Muhammad, his family, and all his Companions."

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